Wednesday, November 28, 2012

ADOLF HITLER 1889-1945

ADOLF HITLER 1889-1945
(Chancellor Of German from National Socialist German Worker Party (NAZI))

Adolf Hitler was born on April 20th 1889 di Braunau, Austria. At the Outbreak of World War I, Hitler applied to serve in the German army. In 1919 when he was 30 years old joined the National Socialist German Worker Party (NAZI) in Munich German. And within 2 years he became a leader of that Party and he was called as “Fuehrer”.

Under Hitler , NAZI became a big power and tried to make usurpation but failed in 1923 and we know as “The Munich Beer Hall Putsch” , Hitler got in jailed . But less than 1 years he was been realesed.

In 1933 Hitler became Chancellorof German when he was 40 years old. Hitler build dictator leadership and crueled to his political enemy but got  full support from most German people because Hitler succed to decreased jobless people and make improvement of economics

Hitler then planned to make conquests and build German Army even he had to break “Versailes Agreement”. Conqurered Rhineland (1936),  Austria (1938), Cekoslowakia, Sudetenland.
In 1939 Hitler also conquered Polandia even England dan French did not agree. In 1940, on April, Hitler Army conquered Denmark dan Norwegia. On Mei attacked Netherland, Belgia and Luxemburg. On June, French surrendered. On that month also Hitler attacked England but England faith back from German attack as we now of “Battle Of Britain” dan Hitler neversucced to conquer England.

On April 1941 German conquered Yunani and Yugoslavia, brook “cease fire agreement” with Uni Soviet and succed to conquer most of Rusia.In the midle of the years 1942 German already conquered almost all  Europe, North Afrika.

In 1942 finaly German Hitler surrender in El-Alamein in Egipt and Stalingrad in Rusia. And Hitler Army had been regression. Hitler commited suicide on April 30th, in 1945, in Berlin.

Monday, November 26, 2012

ADAM SMITH 1723-1790

ADAM SMITH 1723-1790
(An Economist and Philosopher)

Adam Smith, was born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland in June 5th 1723. He attended the Burgh School , entered the University of Glasgow and went to University of Oxford in1740.
In 1759 Smith published “The Theory of Moral Sentiment”, main contention is that human morality depends on sympaty between the individual and other members of society.
In 1776 Smith published “An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (shorted as “The Wealth of Nation).  Economics of the time were dominated by the idea that a country’s wealth was best measured by its store of gold and silver. Smith proposed that a nation’s wealth should be judged not by this metric but by the total of its production and commerce. Also explored theory of the division of labor to increase in productivity.
The book “The Wealth of Nation” Smith’s ideas are reflection on economics in light of the begining of Industrial Revolution dan states free-market economics are the most productive and beneficial to their society. By this book, Smith a far-reaching reputation and considered a foundational work of classical economics and the most influential book ever writen.
Adam Smith was died in Kirkcaldy in the years of 1790 in the age of 67. Never get married.